Community engagement – A science and an art | World Mosquito Program Skip to main content
Fiji C&E

Published date: 19 June 2020

“Seek first to understand, then to be understood.”

This is the mantra of WMP’s outgoing Global Community Engagement Manager, Ruth Smithyman.

Engagement with communities is key to the success of the work of the program. Ultimately, our aim is to help communities to protect themselves from mosquito-borne disease. We cannot begin the process without their full support.

“Engaging people is not a science,” says Ruth. “Well it is and it isn’t. It’s a science and an art.  It’s a science because on the one hand there are very clear principles and frameworks and processes that you can put in place to run a Community Engagement program. Tried and tested. But fundamentally it’s the process of building trust – and that’s where it becomes more an art. It’s based around interpersonal skills and a deeper understanding and a humanist approach to that engagement. Which I don’t think is a science. It’s just part of being human. Being creative and sensitive and aware.”

When WMP begins a project in a new country, the first step is to develop a relationship with key stakeholders. Whether it’s a government representative, a funder, an NGO, a health department – these are the people who will tell us about the people we’re going to be working with. The beneficiaries of our intervention.

Ruth explains how we need as diverse an input as possible. That we want to speak to people from different kinds of religious backgrounds, political perspectives, educational and socio-economic circumstances, “because everybody sees and experiences the community from a different perspective, depending on what they’re doing there.”

The key stakeholders are key to that kind of insight. Our partners who are on the ground, embedded in the community. Those who already have a lot of the knowledge and the networks and the relationships that are critical for us to begin to build trust.


We have to try not to separate the key stakeholders from the community. They are part of the community, they are the community, they’re the leaders in the community. It’s really important they’re part of the process. And that we keep them close.

But there’s more to the community engagement model than to ensure people understand what we’re doing. The implementation of our method means we need the community to know who we are. We need to enter their homes. We need them to be involved, to host mosquitoes and monitor mozzie traps.

It’s a lot to ask. And it takes a patient, deeply thoughtful approach.

“You can’t just walk into a community and start talking to people and think that you’re going to do a good job. Through the feedback you get, you work out better ways to engage. You ask the very people that you’re trying to engage how you can improve the way you engage.

“That’s a real challenge as an organisation. To systematise the interpersonal. That’s where I think Community Engagement is very different and very nuanced and unique from a lot of other similar fields. That’s what we’re trying to build. A system that will sustain a beautiful trusting relationship between entities. Between an organisation and a collective group of people.”

Ruth draws from her knowledge of psychology and anthropology to drive global implementation of the public acceptance model. She has a particular fire for power dynamics and social justice, a background in the extractives industry being particularly enlightening on these fronts.

She says her work with WMP has been made much easier by the fact the organisation as a whole understands the importance of her role. That it is deeply valued and there is a meticulous investment in public acceptance – in doing community engagement well, doing it rigorously and with integrity.

A big part of her job has been to build a culture of understanding around our responsibility in communities. To instill a priority for inclusivity, objectivity and respect.

Only then, can we truly earn trust. Through proven processes and systems. But also through empathy and truth. The science and the art.

“That means that what we do holds up under the scrutiny of anyone that chooses to dig around. That’s my professional integrity at risk and that’s how I’ve always operated – I can’t gloss over things. I’ve never been good at promoting the work. I won’t talk about it. I want it to speak for itself.”

Community Engagement is at the heart of what we do

WMP sets clear expectations for public acceptance with our partners from the beginning, driving ongoing alignment throughout implementation while maintaining the integrity of our community engagement philosophy and practice.

Engagement campaigns and peer-to-peer advocacy build local awareness and support for our cause long before we reach new project locations. Community releases also empower women and girls, reducing social and health inequalities.

-       We only release Wolbachia mosquitoes with demonstrated public acceptance

-       We partner to borrow trust, community networks and implementation capability

-       We seek community insight and involvement to implement faster more efficiently

Want to learn more about the World Mosquito Program and our sustainable and nature-based Wolbachia method?